Remarkable events of the Middle age | metaphysical poets | Why is Spenser is called poet's poet?

short notes of history of english iterature
Metaphysical Poets,Poet's poet,Events of middle age

Important short questions of  History of English Literature / metaphysical poets,spencer as poet's poet, events of middle age - 2nd part. 

Q.  What are the remarkable events of the Middle age.


The middle English period started with the Norman Conquest in 1066 and ended at the close of the 15th century.  There are two shorter ages within this period. The time from 1066 -1340 is called Anglo-Norman period. The period from 1340-1400 is called the Age of Chaucer because Chaucer, the great poet, dominated this period. The early part of the Middle age is called the Dark Ages because what actually happened during that time can hardly be known.

Some remarkable events of the Middle age are listed below :

1. The English Parliament was

 established in 1295.

2.  Crusade, the religious battle between Muslims and Christians took place in between 11th and 13th century.

3.  Magna Carta, the great charter which

limited the power of the monarchs was passed on 15th June 1215.

4.  In 1362 English was declared to be the language of law and courts.

5.  The Feudal System, which had been very strong earlier, collapsed after the Black Death, a plague in 1348-49.

6.  In the 14th century, Reformation of English church began under the leadership of John Wycliffe.

7.  Renaissance began with the fall of the then Constantinople in 1453.

8.  William Caxton  established printing press in 1474.

9.  Columbus discovered America in 1492 and Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498.

10.  During this period Copernicus proved that the sun is the center of all planets.

Q. What do you know about metaphysical poets ?


The term 'metaphysical' was applied more or less accidentally to designate a particular group of poets. John Dryden, while writing on John Donne, mentioned the term 'metaphysics'. Dr. Samuel Johnson later used the word to attach it to a group of writers who are termed as "the metaphysical poets".

                 The metaphysical poets of the 17th century led by John Donne were reacting against the courtly love poetry of the Elizabethans. It would be wrong to think of the metaphysical poets as a school or a group or as having any common policy. The Metaphysical poets combined intense feeling with ingenious thought. They gave to English poetry a new dimension.

                      Though John Donne is generally acclaimed as the founder of the Metaphysical School of poetry, Robert Herrick, Richard Crashaw,Thomas Carew, George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, Andrew Marvell, Abraham Cowley were prominent.

                      John Donne :  Donne is well known as the founder of the metaphysical School of poetry. His poetry bears the originality of true metaphysical poet and his influence on subsequent poets his influence on subsequent poets is clearly evident.

                      George Herbert:  George Herbert, a notable name in metaphysical poetry, is mainly a religious poet. The essence of his poetic creation is perceived in his unfailing  devotion and piety.

Q.  Why is Spenser called poet's poet ?


 Edmund spenser was called 'the poet's poet' because of the very high quality of his poetry and because he enjoyed 'the pure artistry of his craft' so much. He is also called that because so many other poets thought that he was a great poet.

          Some of the great poets who admired him include John Milton (who wrote Paradise Lost), John Dryden, John Keats (perhaps most famous 'Ode on a Grecian Urn) and William Wordsworth (famous for his romantic poetry such as 'The World is Too Much with Us').

           Much of their praise is for his unfinished masterpiece entitled "The Faerie Queene".

             Edmund Spenser was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth 1. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.

Written by : Ayeesha Tahanee

Honours in English, NUBD.

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