Different varieties of sociolinguistics | Varieties of language in sociolinguistics | Try.Fulfil

varieties of sociolinguistics
varieties of Sociolinguistics

Discuss different varieties of socio-linguistics / Varieties of sociolinguistics / Language variety in sociolinguistics | Varieties of language in sociolinguistics | TRY.FULFIL.


( Short Points: Definition,Code,Dialect,Sociolect,Register,Idiolect,Diglossia,Pidgin,Creole.)

Definition Sociolinguistics
 Sociolinguistics is the study of the relation between language and society. It is a branch of linguistics and sociology. It focuses on the effect of language on society. It is historically closely related to linguistic anthropology.   

Varieties of Sociolinguistics: Code:

 In sociolinguistics, a code is an arbitrary, pre-arranged set of signals. A language is only one special variety of code.

Varieties of Sociolinguistics: Dialect:

 A regional, temporal or social variety within a single language is widely known as 'dialect'. It differs in pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary from the standard language. It is a variation of language considered to be separate entity within a language but not different enough to be classed as a separate language. This is dialect in sociolinguistics.

Varieties of Sociolinguistics: Sociolect:

 Social dialects are spoken by the members of a particular group of a speech community.

Varieties of sociolinguistics: Register:

  Register is a subset of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting. For example, in a formal setting, an English speaker may be more likely to use grammar than an informal setting.( e.g. father vs dad, child vs kid.)

Varieties of Sociolinguistics: Idiolect:

  An individual's distinctive and unique use of language is summoned as idiolect. This encompasses vocabulary, grammar and punctuation. It differs from a dialect and dialect is made of idiolects.

Varieties of Sociolinguistics: Diglossia:

 If two or more dialects or language are regularly used in a community is defined as diglossia. Diglossic community has a strong tendency to give one dialect a higher status. And they also reserve it for functions of government, education, the law, religion, literature, press, radio and television.

Varieties of sociolinguistics: Pidgin and Creole:

It is a system of communication develops among people who don't share a common language but want to talk to each other. It is a contract language, mixture of elements from different natural languages. It's use is restricted to certain groups, e.g. traders and seamen. Once a stable pidgin has emerged, it becomes a second language. For illustration, Chinese pidgin and Nigerian pidgin.

 When children learn pidgin as their first language, it becomes the mother tongue of a community is called a creole. It is a distinct language has taken most of it's vocabulary from another language. For first language status, it is different from pidgin. For example, Haiti creole, Jamaican creole, Hawaii creole.

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  1. Replies
    1. Stable pidgin refers that pidgin which is used in speech for long time and work as second language.

  2. Replies
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