What is Task Based Language Teaching? The principles and Stages of TBLT | Try Dot Fulfil

What is Task Based Language Teaching? The principles and Stages of TBLT, TBLT, Task based language teaching, stages of tblt, principles of tblt, Task of TBLT, Try Dot Fulfil.

What is Task Based Language Teaching? Discuss the theoretical principles, chief features and Stages of TBLT.
What is tblt? Discuss the types of tasks with special reference to the focused task.

TBLT, Task based language teaching, stages of tblt, principles of tblt, Try Dot Fulfil.
What is Task Based Language Teaching? Discuss the principles and Stages of TBLT, Try Dot Fulfil.


Task based Language Teaching is a teaching approach which focuses on offering learner's tasks so that they can actively engage in using and practicing language in communicative situations, and on measuring the language outcomes that will arise from those tasks. For example, a speaking task can develop student's ability to speak fluently and accurately when communicating with their peers. Task based language teaching refers to teaching the target language through specific tasks, such as going to the doctor, doing groceries or shopping, going to the bank etc.

 TBLT was first proposed by an Indian scholar Prabhu. The object of the method was to teach learners communicative competence in English through meaningful and authentic activities. TBLT can be considered a branch of communicative language teaching (CLT).

Task of TBLT: 

Task based language learning and teaching published in 2003, Rod Ellis in his book has defined tasks or activities having four kind of criteria: -

1. Focus on meaning.

 2. Some kind of gap such as information etc.

3. Use your own linguistics resources.

 4. Having communicative outcome not simply display of language.

Task is divided into two categories in TBLT:

 Nunan classifies task into pedagogical tasks (occurs in classroom) and real-world tasks or target tasks (Occur beyond the classroom). According Ellis, two types of tasks are as follow:

Unfocused Task:

 Unfocused tasks are tasks that are designed with general sample of language that is to say they have not decided in such a way for useful and essential grammatical structure.

Focused task:

The focused tasks are tasks that have been designed to create a communicative context for the use of predetermined grammatical structure.

The Theoretical principles of TBLT:

 According to David Nunan, there are seven principles of TBLT. They are:


 Lessons and materials should provide supporting framework within which the learning takes place.

Task - dependency:

Within a lesson one task should grow out of and build upon, the ones that have gone before.


 Recycling language maximizes opportunities for learning and activities the “Organic" learning principles.

Active learning:

 Learners learn best by actively using the language they are learning.


Learners should be taught in ways that make clear the relationships between linguistic form, communicative function and semantic meaning.

 Reproduction to creation

Language should be encouraged to move form reproductive to creative language use. 


 Learners should be given opportunities to reflect on what they have learned and how well they are doing.

Stages of TBLT

Stages of TBLT depend on context. The stages of TBLT are not fixed. 

 According Ellis, students do not need go and stay in England, America, Canada, New Zealand or Australia for learning and acquiring English as target language. 

Different stages of TBLT are given below:

Pre - Task: It aims to introduce the topic about how to spend a day through learning language focusing on words and phrases.

Task: Students do the task in groups and plan for a day. They state their own plan and compare different ideas with their group partners.

Planning: Each group rehearses presenting their plan. The teacher walks around, helping if students have a problem and noting any language items or grammatical problems on which to give feedback later.

Report: Each group selects a speaker to report their plan and give detailed reason for it. Other students can choose the best one after the presentations.

Post task: The teacher hands out the Fill in exercises and true of false questions for the students according to the listening in class. According to the group discussion, they write a 150-word assignment as homework.

See: Task Based Language Teaching Bangla lecture


Written by: Roksana Akter, NUBD.

Typed by: MD Omar Sunny, NUBD.

Edited by: Try Dot Fulfil English Literature.

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